Understanding Flame and Fire Detection
Fires are created by the combination of fuel, heat, and oxygen. Different gases and substances can constitute as fuel, such as combustible gases and dust. Fire in an industrial setting can pose a number of hazards for the facility, its personnel, and the neighboring communities. The release of flammable material may result in several scenarios, including a fireball, pool fire, flash fire, flare or jet fire, or an unconfined explosion.
Two inherent hazards associated with fire are smoke and thermal radiation. Smoke created from fire poses two types of danger: visibility may be obscured, and health hazards arise due to inhalation and eye irritation. Thermal radiation can damage property and generate burns on exposed skin.
However, fire can also be used as a tool for mitigating a hazardous chemical’s potential impact. Deliberate ignition of a hazardous gas can minimize damages and produce more suitable environments. This technique has been successfully used for many years at oil and gas well sites.
Every industry working with combustible and toxic gases needs to have an understanding of the impact of the many hazards associated with fire. Proper fire detection solutions can be used to enable better situational analysis and more informed decision making during a fire event.